Kaokoland (now called Kaokoveld) is a 50,000 square kilometer region in the dry north-west of Namibia. It borders on the west to the Skeleton Coast, in the north to Angola, the Kunene (Epupa cases), Ruacana, on the east to the former Ovamboland (now Omusati region) and in the south onto Damaraland. With less than 350 mm annual rainfall there is no agriculture possible in Kaokoland. The Himba and Herero who live here, live as traditional hunter-gatherer or ranchers (farmers).
Kaokoland is known for its consistent anti-poaching and now again rich wildlife population, with a special mention to the more frequently occurring rhinos (a merit of "Save the Rhino Trust") and desert elephants. It is still unsure whether they are already a separate subspecies or a sedentary and matched group of African elephants that has been there for a few decades. In any case their behavior is different in many ways from that of their African counterparts living in the savannas. The inaccessibility of the area on the one hand and the fight against poaching on the other has led to a steady increase in the elephant population in the Kaokoveld. In some places the damage caused by elephants cause yet another problem and some problem animals had to be shot after tourists had been caused damage through them.
The transport and roads are poorly developed here and to drive away from the few major areas can only be done with a 4x4 drive and GPS navigation. The Van Zyl-Pass is considered the "high school" for four wheel drivers and is also only by expert drivers in the East-West direction (downhill) to be handled. A relatively simple route leads from the Okongwati to the Epupa Falls. But because this stretch can mostly only taken crawling with a maximum speed of 20-30 km/h, you can fully dive into the world of the Himba (fetching water from sources, looking after the cattle, open campfires, moving along the road, or trying to fetch a ride etc.)