With a population of more than 4,4 million, Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa and also the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province of the country. Johannesburg (also known by the locals as “Joburg”) is the economic powerhouse of Africa, having the largest economy of any metropolian region in Africa.
The emphasis in the city is on making money – whether in buisness or on the streets – and it has been like this since the world’s largest gold fields were discovered in Johannesburg in the 1880s.
The Johannesburg inner city is undergoing a complete regeneration. The area close to City Hall and Newtown Cultural Precinct, which has completely transformed the Market Theatre and surrounds, now forms the heart of urban revival, and the Johannesburg inner city remains the largest employment centre in South Africa.
Johannesburg is normally not known as a classical tourist destination, but the city is a highly frequented transit point for connecting flights to Cape Town, Durban, or the Kruger National Park. Also, most international visitors to South Africa arrive in Johannesburg, which has led to the development of more attractions for tourists.
The city has many art museums, such as the famous Johannesburg Art Gallery. The Market Theatre has become a centre for modern South African playwriting. The Suburbs of Greenside, Parkhurst, Rosebank, Melville, Newtown and Norwood are popular for their bohemian atmosphere, street life, and many popular restaurants, shops and bars.