Kampala is the capital and largest city of Uganda. It occupies a series of hills at an elevation of about 1,190 metres and is situated in the southern part of the country, just north of Lake Victoria. In 1962 Kampala (a municipality since 1949) became the capital of independent Uganda. Parliamentary and commercial buildings, industry, and residential areas are separated into sectors.
Kampala is the hub of the nation’s road network and lies on the railway from Kasese to Mombasa, Kenya. It is also served by Port Bell (10 km east) on Lake Victoria and by Uganda’s international airport at Entebbe (34 km south-southwest). Entebbe International Airport is the principal international airport of Uganda. It is near the town of Entebbe, on the shores of Lake Victoria.
Kampala was originally built on seven hills, but it has expanded to cover more than the original seven hills; its valleys are filled with sluggish rivers/ swamps.