Livingstone is the capital of the Southern Province of the Republic of Zambia on the Zambezi very near Victoria Falls.
The town was founded in 1904, when the Victoria Falls Bridge was completed. It was named after David Livingstone and 1911-35 was the capital of Northern Rhodesia. Livingstone remained the only city in Zambia after independence with the same name, as an alternative name Maramba was established. It has about 110,000 inhabitants (2005) and is adjacent to the 66-acre Mosi oa Tunya National Park. It is the seat of the administration of the same district with 103 219 inhabitants (2000 census).
Livingstone has good road and rail links to the South (Zimbabwe), west (Trans Caprivi Highway) and north (Lusaka, Copperbelt). The city is strongly based on tourism as it is the starting point for tours to the Victoria Falls and benefits from many offers of the operator at the Zimbabwean site of the. Victoria Falls, such as bungee jumping from the railway bridge and white water rafting. Since the deterioration of social conditions in Zimbabwe, there is a boom of tourism in Livingstone at the expense of Victoria Falls.
In Livingstone is the Livingstone Museum, which was founded in 1930 and also exhibits archaeological finds from Ingombe iledere, which date from the time of the Munhumutapa Empire.